Wednesday, June 20th, 2012
by Littman Bros Lighting
Lighting a space in your home isn’t always the easiest process and it is often questioned how much lighting is necessary within a room, depending on the type of room being lit. There is actually a method one must utilize when designing a lighting plan for your home.
First, you must determine the square footage of the room you want to light. Figure out the length and width of your space and then multiply those numbers – for example, if your room is 10 feet wide and 14 feet long, the square footage of that space is 140 square feet.
Next, figure out what is known as the foot candle of a room, depending on the type of room or room purpose. A foot-candle is how illuminated the light is one foot from the foundation of the light. Here is a common spectrum of foot candles needed per room:
• Living Room – 10-20 foot candles
• Kitchen General – 30-40 foot candles
• Kitchen Stove – 70-80 foot candles
• Kitchen Sink – 70-80 foot candles
• Dining Room – 30-40 foot candles
• Bed Room – 10-20 foot candles
• Hallway – 5-10 foot candles
• Bathroom 70-80 foot candles
After the foot candles are determined, the next step is to decide how many lumens are needed in your space. A lumen is a measurement of light. So, if you are trying to light your 100 square foot dining room (which needs 30-40 foot candles), you will need 3,000-4,000 lumens in order to light that space efficiently.
In order to find what kind of fixture can achieve this amount of lumens, just make sure to check the rated lumens based on the max wattage of the bulb and fixture as a whole. For example, a 4 light semi-flush mount that has a bulb max wattage of 60 and a fixture max wattage of 240 will have a rated lumen of 2,688.
From here it is up to you to decide what style and type of fixture you think looks best in your space, which is definitely the fun part.
Wednesday, February 1st, 2012
by Littman Bros Lighting
There are certain criteria you should know when finding the right lighting for your home:
When hanging an outdoor wall sconce, it should measure about 1/3 the height of your door and when hanging two outdoor wall sconces, they should measure about 1/4 the height of your door.
For your foyer lighting, in order to determine what type of lighting would be best, you should make sure that the bottom of the fixture is at least 7 feet from the floor. For two-story foyers, you should make sure the ceiling fixture is seen from the outside. If your foyer is on the larger, you should add some wall sconces around the room to accent your space; wall sconces should be placed just about 60 inches from the floor and 6 to 8 feet apart.
For bathroom lighting, a vanity light is usually a minimum of 24 inches wide and the center of the fixture should be hung 75 to 80 feet above the floor. A wall sconce on either side of the mirror in your bathroom allows the light to be spread evenly throughout your space and across your face, which is important in a bathroom. The wall sconces should be hung at eye level and be about 36 to 40 inches apart.
For a set of pendants over an island, the bottoms of those fixtures should be about 30 inches from the countertop.
For chandeliers, you should measure the length and width of the room you want to hang it in, add those numbers together – the sum of those measurements, in inches, should equal the perfect sized chandelier. The bottom of your chandelier should typically be 30 to 32 inches above the tabletop.